Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no changes in significant accounting policies as described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020 for the year ended December 31, 2019, except as set forth below.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Items subject to the use of estimates include, but are not limited to, the standalone selling price for our products and services, stock-based compensation, useful lives of long-lived assets including intangibles, fair value of intangible assets and the recoverability or impairment of tangible and intangible assets, including goodwill, reserves and certain accrued liabilities, the benefit period of deferred commissions, fair value of debt component of the convertible note at issuance, the fair value of the convertible note outstanding upon derecognition, assumptions used in Black-Scholes valuation method, such as expected volatility, risk-free interest rate and expected dividend rate and provision for (benefit from) income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates and such differences could be material to the consolidated financial statements.
Convertible Debt with a Cash Conversion Feature
In March 2020, the Company issued a 7% Senior Convertible Note (defined below) with a principal amount of $3,000 for gross proceeds at closing of $2,371. In accounting for the issuance, the Company separated the note into liability and equity components. The carrying amount of the liability component was calculated by measuring the fair value of similar liabilities that do not have an associated convertible feature. The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was determined by deducting the carrying amount of the liability component from the par value of the notes. The difference represents the debt discount, recorded as a reduction of the senior convertible note on our condensed consolidated balance sheet, and is amortized to interest expense over the term of the notes using the effective interest rate method. The equity component is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification. In accounting for the issuance costs related to the notes, we allocated the total amount of issuance costs incurred to liability and equity components based on their relative values. Issuance costs attributable to the liability component are being amortized using the effective interest rate method, to interest expense over the term of the notes. The issuance costs attributable to the equity component are recorded as a reduction of the equity component within additional paid-in capital.
Convertible Debt and Related Derivative Financial Instruments
In July 2020, the Company issued a Series A Senior Convertible Note (defined below) with an initial principal amount of $4,320. After the payoff of the Senior Convertible Note and deducting transaction costs, aggregate net cash proceeds to the Company was $1,751. In accordance with ASC Topic 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in an Entity’s Own Stock, the Company evaluates all of its financial instruments, including warrants to purchase common stock issued in conjunction with convertible debt, to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. The Company uses a Black-Scholes option-pricing model to value the warrants at inception and subsequent valuation dates.
Debt Issuance Costs
Direct costs incurred to issue non-revolving debt instruments are recognized as a reduction to the related debt balance in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets and amortized to interest expense over the contractual term of the related debt using the effective interest method.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows the guidance in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, to account for financial assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an
orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy, which distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and an entity's own assumptions (unobservable inputs). The guidance requires fair value measurements be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Determining which category an asset or liability falls within the hierarchy requires significant judgment. The fair value of the Company’s warrant issued with the 2020 Convertible Notes at September 30, 2020 was $1,242 and is recorded as Warrant Liability on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets is considered a Level 3 fair value measurement as there are significant unobservable inputs used in the underlying valuations. The fair value measurements of the warrant are sensitive to changes in the unobservable inputs. Changes in those inputs might result in a higher or lower fair value measurement.
Loss per Common Share
Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Restricted shares subject to repurchase provisions relating to early exercises under the Company's 2009 Equity Incentive Plan were excluded from basic shares outstanding. Diluted loss per common share is computed by giving effect to all potential shares of common stock, including those related to the Company's outstanding warrants and stock equity plans, to the extent dilutive. For all periods presented, these shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share of common stock because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. As a result, diluted loss per common share is the same as basic loss per common share for all periods presented.
The following table sets forth common stock equivalents that have been excluded from the computation of dilutive weighted average shares outstanding as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ("ASU 2017-04"). ASU 2017-04 simplifies how all entities assess goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. As amended, the goodwill impairment test will consist of one step; comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). The core principle of ASU 2016-02 is that a lessee should recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases. For operating leases, a lessee is required to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, in
the statement of financial position. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. Under current U.S. GAAP, the Company recognizes rent expense on a straight-line basis for all operating leases, taking into account fixed accelerations, as well as reasonably assured renewal periods. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10 ("ASU 2019-10"). ASU 2019-10 delayed the effective date of ASU 2016-02 for certain types of businesses, including private companies. Under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups ("JOBS") Act, the Company has previously elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an Emerging Growth Company ("EGC"), can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. The issuance of ASU 2020-05 further delayed the implementation of this guidance of the Company for one year. Although ASU 2020-05 would defer implementation for the Company by an additional year, the Company believes this guidance would still be effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, as it would lose its status as an EGC at the latest on December 31, 2021. Although earlier application is permitted, the Company plans to implement this guidance beginning the first quarter of its fiscal year 2021. The Company currently does not expect the ASU 2016-02 to materially impact our results of operations; although, based upon our current operating leases outstanding, we believe this guidance may have a material impact on our consolidated balance sheet. We do not plan on recasting prior periods.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13"). ASU 2016-13 introduces a model based on expected losses to estimate credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments. In addition, for available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. As a Smaller Reporting Company ("SRC") as defined by the SEC, the standard is currently effective for the Company annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We currently intend to adopt ASU No. 2016-13 effective January 1, 2023. Entities will apply the standard’s provisions by recording a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings. The Company currently does not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-13 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”), which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. Should the Company retain its EGC status through the fifth anniversary of the date of its initial public offering, this guidance will be effective for us in our financial statements and consolidated notes thereto for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815 – 40), (“ASU 2020-06”). ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts on an entity’s own equity. ASU 2020-06 is effective for SRCs for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef