Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no changes in significant accounting policies as described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020 for the year ended December 31, 2019, except as set forth below.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Items subject to the use of estimates include, but are not limited to, the standalone selling price for our products and services, stock-based compensation, useful lives of long-lived assets including intangibles, fair value of intangible assets and the recoverability or impairment of tangible and intangible assets, including goodwill, reserves and certain accrued liabilities, the benefit period of deferred commissions, fair value of debt component of convertible notes and provision for (benefit from) income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates and such differences could be material to the consolidated financial statements.
Senior Convertible Note
In March 2019, the Company issued a 7% Senior Convertible Note (defined below) with a principal amount of $3,000 for gross proceeds at closing of $2,371. In accounting for the issuance, the Company separated the note into liability and equity components. The carrying amount of the liability component was calculated by measuring the fair value of similar liabilities that do not have an associated convertible feature. The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was determined by deducting the carrying amount of the liability component from the par value of the notes. The difference represents the debt discount, recorded as a reduction of the senior convertible notes on our condensed consolidated balance sheet, and is amortized to interest expense over the term of the notes using the effective interest rate method. The equity component is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification. In accounting for the issuance costs related to the notes, we allocated the total amount of issuance costs incurred to liability and equity components based on their relative values. Issuance costs attributable to the liability component are being amortized using the effective interest rate method, to interest expense over the term of the notes. The issuance costs attributable to the equity component are recorded as a reduction of the equity component within additional paid-in capital.
Loss per Common Share
Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Restricted shares subject to repurchase provisions relating to early exercises under the Company's 2009 Equity Incentive Plan were excluded from basic shares outstanding. Diluted loss per common share is computed by giving effect to all potential shares of common stock, including those related to the Company's outstanding warrants and stock equity plans, to the extent dilutive. For all periods presented, these shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share of common stock because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. As a result, diluted loss per common share is the same as basic loss per common share for all periods presented.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 4,689 and 6,219 shares were restricted, respectively, relating to early exercises of the Company’s 2009 Stock Option Plan and are excluded from basic shares outstanding for the years then ended.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ("ASU 2017-04"). ASU 2017-04 simplifies how all entities assess goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. As amended, the goodwill impairment test will consist of one step; comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). The core principle of ASU 2016-02 is that a lessee should recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases. For operating leases, a lessee is required to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, in
the statement of financial position. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. Under current U.S. GAAP, the Company recognizes rent expense on a straight-line basis for all operating leases, taking into account fixed accelerations, as well as reasonably assured renewal periods. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10 ("ASU 2019-10"). ASU 2019-10 delayed the effective date of ASU 2016-02 for certain types of businesses, including private companies. Under the JOBS Act, the Company has previously elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an Emerging Growth Company ("EGC"), can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. Accordingly, this ASU is now effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Although earlier application is permitted, the Company plans to implement this guidance beginning the first quarter of its fiscal year 2021. The Company currently does not expect the ASU 2016-02 to materially impact our results of operations; although, based upon our current operating leases outstanding, we believe this guidance may have a material impact on our consolidated balance sheet. We do not plan on recasting prior periods.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13"). ASU 2016-13 introduces a model based on expected losses to estimate credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments. In addition, for available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. As a Smaller Reporting Company ("SRC") as defined by the SEC, the standard is currently effective for the Company annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We currently intend to adopt ASU No. 2016-13 effective January 1, 2023. Entities will apply the standard’s provisions by recording a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-13 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In December 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”), which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. Should the Company retain its EGC status through the fifth anniversary of the date of its initial public offering, this guidance will be effective for us in our financial statements and consolidated notes thereto for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements.